What Agreement Did The Cherokee Nation Make

Ross`s maquisards made Brown`s actions responsible for the contracting party, especially those, such as the Ridge and Watie families, who had emigrated before the forced relocation. They had settled with the old settlers. A group of these men targeted members of the Ridge faction for the attacks to enforce the Cherokee Act (written by Major Ridge), making it a capital crime for any Cherokee to surrender national lands for private gain. [4] There is no evidence, however, that John Ross supported or knew their plans. Because of his fluid knowledge of English, Ross became one of the leaders of the Cherokees, and it turned out to be more than a match for Minister of War William Crawford. “It is foreign to the Cherokee principle of feigning friendship where it doesn`t exist,” Ross said, suggesting opposition to Washington bureaucrats. “You have told us that your government is committed to living up to our nation and will never use repressive means to lead us to act against our well-being and free will.” The contracts signed by the Cherokees generally required them to abandon large areas, but guaranteed their rights to all that was left. Now they wanted those rights to be enforced. They eventually succumbed in 1838 by walking 800 miles in an extremely bitter winter. Survivors of today`s trip to Oklahoma would call it the path of tears. The exodus was a collective tragedy, as had been the case for the other tribes. But in the case of the Cherokees, their resistance and defeat were also reflected in the rise and fall of the exceptional partnership between Ross and Ridge. Many Americans believed that the Cherokees, allies of the British, had lost all rights to their country.

Henry Knox, President George Washington`s minister of war, objected. Instead, he concluded that she and all The Indian tribes were sovereign nations. He believed that they would eventually abandon their lands to the inevitable flooding of white colonies, but only voluntarily through negotiated contracts. The Treaty of New Echota was negotiated in 1835 by a minority party of Cherokees, challenged by the majority of the Cherokee people and their elected government, and the Treaty of New Echota was used by the United States to justify the forced withdrawal of the Cherokees from their countries of origin, along the so-called trail of tears. However, the Cherokee Nation resisted and challenged Georgian laws that restrict their freedoms to tribal lands. In his 1831 decision on Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, Chief Justice John Marshall stated that “Indian territory is authorized to compose part of the United States,” saying that tribes were “dependent national nations” and that “their relationship with the United States is similar to that of a community with its guardian.” The following year, however, the Supreme Court overturned and ruled that Indian tribes were in fact sovereign and immune to Georgian laws.

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